This week, Apple announced it joined networking group Thread, an organization focused on delivering mesh networking solutions to smart home devices. It is still not clear to what extent Apple will be involved with the group, but according to Thread's website, Apple is currently listed as a “member.”
Naturally, speculation on what this means is running rampant in the smart home and networking channels, partly because Nest is a major proponent of Thread, and Nest is owned by Google, Apple's biggest rival in all things tech. Not to mention Google/Nest is by far Thread's highest-profile user.
Thread and HomeKit Sitting in a Tree…
All of this begs the question: Why Thread? It's pretty clear Apple is becoming more serious about its presence in the smart home tech business, releasing several smart technologies like the HomePod and updates to its smart home software framework HomeKit.
HomeKit could be the perfect place for Apple to start integrating Thread's technology. IHS analyst Lee Ratliff was the first to break the news earlier this week, and began speculating almost immediately.
“If they can be included in another major ecosystem, that would indicate that Thread is in a leading position in smart home connectivity,” Ratliff says. “So that’s what Apple’s membership would represent if they add Thread to HomeKit.”
HomeKit's birth was notably strenuous, with Apple protecting the technology from third-party developer influence. The company even set up a rigorous certification process for prospective developers, requiring them to install Apple-specific MiFi chips into their HomeKit tech proposals.
Apple also required Siri integration, which effectively limited the number of compatible devices available to consumers and integrators.
In its current state, HomeKit relies on Wi-Fi and Bluetooth’s low energy protocol (BLE), and adding Thread's capabilities might bolster HomeKit's wireless capabilities even further.
As Ratliff notes, “Apple may be expanding HomeKit to add native control of battery powered devices. They can already do this via BLE, but it has limitations that they may be wanting to mitigate.”
Apple's Past May Indicate Its Networking Future
While Apple is still leaving everyone in the dark regarding the move, there is some precedent for the company joining organizations ahead of officially adopting new technologies.
For example, Apple joined the Wireless Charging Consortium prior to launching its iPhone 8 and iPhone X products back in September 2017, both of which now offer wireless charging options.