Who ‘Owns’ Doorbell Camera Surveillance Video? (and 4 Other Legal Questions)
With the proliferation of front door camera systems such as Ring, Nest Hello and others, the liability and ownership rights to the images is coming to the forefront.
Can a person captured on a front doorbell surveillance camera compel the integrator, central station or homeowner to provide the recording? That is just one of the important questions integrators need to ask themselves as they sell more security surveillance systems.
Indeed, with the proliferation of front door camera systems such as Ring (now part of Amazon), Nest Hello, Doorbird, August, Clare Controls, Remo+ and others, the liability and ownership rights to the images is coming to the forefront of discussion.
Questions abound, and integrators need to know the answers. In some cases, the answers represent a strong sales opportunity to install on-site DVRs (the "fog") versus off-site (the cloud).
With the help of legal expert Ken Kirschenbaum of Kirschenbaum & Kirschenbaum and columnist for CE Pro’s sister publication Security Sales & Integration, here are five vitally important questions/concerns:
Rights to View, Copy Images
Does a person who is recorded on the camera have the right to view it or have a copy of it?
Short answer is “no.” In a recent incident, an integrator installed cameras in front of a commercial establishment that also captured images on the sidewalk. There was a fight between two people and now one of the parties involved wants the recorded camera images, presumably to post on social media to embarrass the other party. The dealer’s client – the owner of the business – wants nothing to do with the situation.
According to Kirschenbaum, “Someone captured on video does not have a right to the data.” If there is litigation, however, then those images can be subpoenaed by the court.
Timeframe to Keep Copy of Images
How long does a homeowner have to preserve data captured on surveillance camera?
Integrators and their homeowner clients are not under obligation to preserve their camera images for any period of time, unless there is a notification of potential litigation of any kind.
“The private owner of the data would not be under any obligation to preserve the data unless put on notice that the data may be requested, says Kirschenbaum, and that notice would probably have to let the owner know that it's the owner that may be involved in the litigation."
Law Enforcement Rights to Images
Can law enforcement compel an integrator or his client to show them or give them a copy of the surveillance images?
Yes. Law enforcement can compel either the homeowner/business owner or central station to produce the recording, says Kirschenbaum
Who Owns the Images?
Who actually “owns” the surveillance camera images … the client, the integrator, the central station, or the manufacturer?
It all depends on who is doing the recording.
“If the data is on the end user's DVR, then it's the end user,” says Kirchenbaum, but if the data is being stored off-site, it is a different story. If the integrator is storing the data at his own central station, he owns the data. If the integrator is using a third-party central station, then the central station could own the data, depending on the agreement between the parties.
If the images are being stored by the manufacturer, as is the case with several doorbell camera systems, then the manufacturer could own the data.
Such ownership, however, would not give these third parties the chance to use the data as they see fit. When you see Ring and other manufacturers post user videos for marketing purposes, the videos are posted only after the owner signs a release form.
Likewise, third parties like central stations do not have blanket rights to share video footage captured by customers.
“The data would not be released unless the central station is required to comply with law enforcement request, subpoena or has the consent of the end user," Kirschenbaum says."So the answer to the question is, no, everyone can't demand camera data [and expect to get it]."
This ownership question might be a compelling reason for integrators to design systems with on-site DVRs and a strong selling point with clients to encourage them to purchase an on-site DVR.
What is the liability of the integrator if these images are posted on social media to potentially embarrass someone?
The jury is still out on whether or not integrators can share videos on social media if they are storing the video captured by customers, according to Kirschenbaum. The ultimate liability is unclear, but do you really want to take the chance to find out? To err on the side of caution would be wise advice for the integrator.
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Jason Knott is Chief Content Officer for Emerald Expositions Connected Brands. Jason has covered low-voltage electronics as an editor since 1990, serving as editor and publisher of Security Sales & Integration. He joined CE Pro in 2000 and serves as Editor-in-Chief of that brand. He served as chairman of the Security Industry Association’s Education Committee from 2000-2004 and sat on the board of that association from 1998-2002. He is also a former board member of the Alarm Industry Research and Educational Foundation. He has been a member of the CEDIA Business Working Group since 2010. Jason graduated from the University of Southern California. Have a suggestion or a topic you want to read more about? Email Jason at firstname.lastname@example.org
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